السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
منتديات كلمات مضيئة ترحب بكم
وتقدم لكم

Biography of prophets,Muhammad ( peace be upon him




ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ) ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ (
ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ، ﻣﻦ ﺑﻨﻲ ﻫﺎﺷﻢ ، ﻭﻟﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻜﺔ
ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﻓﺎﺓ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﺄﺷﻬﺮ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ، ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺖ ﺃﻣﻪ ﺁﻣﻨﺔ
ﻭﻫﻮ ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﻃﻔﻼ ، ﻛﻔﻠﻪ ﺟﺪﻩ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﺐ ﺛﻢ ﻋﻤﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ
ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ، ﻭﺭﻋﻰ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻢ ﻟﺰﻣﻦ ، ﺗﺰﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﺓ ﺧﺪﻳﺠﺔ
ﺑﻨﺖ ﺧﻮﻳﻠﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﺮﻩ ،
ﺩﻋﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺃﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ
ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ، ﺑﺪﺃ ﺩﻋﻮﺗﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻓﺎﺿﻄﻬﺪﻩ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻬﺎﺟﺮ
ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻋﺎﻡ
622 ﻡ ﻓﺄﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺑﺪﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻬﺠﺮﻱ ،
ﺗﻮﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺣﺞ ﺣﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺩﺍﻉ .
Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) :
Muhammad , the Arab Prophet of
Islam , was born in Mecca a few
months after the death of `Abdullah ,
his father . Aminah , his mother had
died when he was six. Thus he was
brought up by `Abdul - Muttalib , his
grandfather , then by Abu Talib, his
uncle . He worked as a shepherd for a
time. At the age of 25 he married
Khadijah , who gave him optimum
support. When he came to the age of
forty , Muhammad received the Divine
Revelation and started to invite the
people of Mecca to believe that there
is no god but Allah and that
Muhammad is His Messenger .
Suffering severe persecution in
Mecca, he allowed his followers to
migrate to Yathrib ( now Medina ) . This

took place in the year 622 A . D .
which , later on , became the starting
point of the Hijri calendar . In
Medina , the Prophet Muhammad
established a state which was the
nucleus of the Muslim empire. In the
10 th Hijri year , he went to Mecca
and performed the Farewell Hajj ,
shortly after which he died at the
age of 63 (peace be upon him




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